World and the private sector leaders virtually gathered together during the UN Climate Change Roundtable on Thursday.
UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres convened the High-level Roundtable on Climate Ambition which consists of governments, businesses, and civil and international organizations.
The aim of the roundtable is for those actors “to develop a transition plan” to achieve “net-zero emissions.”
Guterres, in his remarks, underlines the urgency to reverse the effect of global carbon emission.
According to him, Carbon emissions “from fossil fuels and forest fires” reached its peak in 2019.
Carbon Brief, a UK-based website for climate science reported that the majority of the 2019 global emission growth is because of China.
Global carbon emission in 2019 is “62% higher than in 1990,” Guterres said.
Aside from lessening global emissions, the Secretary-General also urges global leaders to act on other priorities relating to Climate Change.
The priorities are:
- Sustainable COVID recovery plans tackling climate change
- Economic and societal protection based on science
- Prioritizing the most “vulnerable” groups
Scientists and researchers predict a more intense global deterioration in the environment and weather by 2050.
This is if humanity as a whole “fail to act” now, says Michael Mann, Science Director at the Pennsylvania State University.
“Extreme weather events,” Mann said, per the Guardian, “will become commonplace.”
He added we will not see an “extinction of our species.”
However, there might be a “societal collapse.”
World Leaders to Lessen Carbon Emission
China declared this week that it aims to decrease its carbon emission to “neutral before 2060.”
According to the UN report on the roundtable, China’s declaration “encouraged” them.
The European Commission (EC), committed to 55% of “greenhouse gasses” compared to the world’s 1990 level “by 2030.”
EC president Ursula von der Leyen said “it’s achievable,” and will require more investments to “raise the money.”
Vulnerable Nation’s Plea to the World
When it comes to climate change, vulnerable and smaller countries are disproportionately affected by its effect.
Vulnerable nations like Bangladesh and Fiji “urged developed countries” to boost its efforts on resiliency and “adaptation.”
Prime Minister Sheik Hasina of Banglades “emphasized” that climate refugee rehabilitation “is a global responsibility.”
Also, she underlines the importance of “political leadership and international collaboration” to fight climate change.